Description

The RESCCUE project (RESilience to cope with Climate Change in Urban arEas, www.resccue.eu) was born in May 2016. It was Europe’s first large-scale innovation and urban resilience project, aimed at improving the capability of cities to anticipate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from significant multihazard threats, with minimum damage.

The RESCCUE approach turned a new page by leaving sectorial approaches behind, by considering cities as networks of interdependent systems. The four-year project went beyond the conventional analysis of the impacts of climate change on single critical infrastructures, such as energy, water or transportation. RESCCUE’s perspective was a holistic one, focusing on interconnections rather than on separate city units of the urban infrastructure networks.

The objective of RESCCUE was to produce a set of models and tools to analyse urban resilience based on a multisectoral approach, to overcome current difficulties related to a lack of information integration of the different urban services. To interconnect sectoral models, the project takes advantage of the RESCCUE tools and methodologies as the basis of further software developments able to perform the assessment, management and planning of urban resilience in an integrated way.

The three cities included as pilot sites (Barcelona, Lisbon and Bristol) were the validation platforms of the RESCCUE tool, where integrated analyses of urban resilience were performed throughout the project.

The resilience roadmap for these cities, in the form of a Resilience Action Plan (RAP), was one of the key results of the project. Produced at the very end, each presented the strategic lines on which the city must focus, considering also the concrete measures that will be applied to solve specific problems. Nonetheless, these results not only aim at providing an overview of the resilience building in Barcelona, Bristol and Lisbon, but are intended to help many other cities around the world build their capacity to adapt to current and future shocks and stresses.

 

For the Bristol research site, a comprehensive multi-risk/impact assessment was carried out with respect to urban flooding from Pluvial events and Fluvial with Tidal for current (Baseline) and future Business As Usual (BAU) climate scenarios.

 

These flood maps related separately to Pluvial Flooding and Fluvial with Tidal combined flooding and focussed on their following potential impacts to the following services:

  1. Economic damage related to properties
  2. Disruptions to Traffic Flows

Land-use characteristics can have a strong influence on certain hazards, as the Urban Heat Island effect demonstrates. It shows that we have room to maneuver and thus the ability to reduce the negative effects of climate change.

The CLARITY Climate Services Information System (CSIS) provides a standardized methodology to support climate resilient planning. This methodology is based on EU-Guidelines, the “Non-paper Guidelines for Project Managers: Making vulnerable investments climate resilient” (EU-GL*1). The Climate Resilience Toolkit as presented in this document was updated to also comply with the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in order to promote an integrated modelling approach of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA). 

All elements essential for climate resilient planning are contained here.

The 7 steps of the updated EU-GL methodology are illustrated in the following figure.

EU-GL workflow

Steps 01-04 serve to establish the risk and impact analysis while Steps 05-07 consider the identification, appraisal and integration of adaptation measures. As adaptation measures can affect the hazard itself, the exposure or the vulnerability of elements at risk, their evaluation requires a reanalysis of the first 4 steps.  

The CLARITY Climate Services Information System guides the user through these steps. Based on the user’s requirements, different functionalities and data sources are available through the selection of the study type and data package.  The “Study” option provides several tabs, which can be used to define the team members, select the region and study type, define the area of the study, select the data package and to view the selected settings. [CH1] 

Additional information to support cities or local authorities regarding the development, implementation, and monitoring of climate change adaptation plans, is available here: https://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu/knowledge/tools/urban-ast.

*1 Directorate-Gerneral Climate Action, “Non-paper Guidelines for Project Managers: Making vulnerable investments climate resilient,” European Commission, 2011. [Online]. Available: http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu/metadata/guidances/non-paper-guidelines-for-project-managers-making-vulnerable-investments-climate-resilient/guidelines-for-project-managers.pdf. [Accessed November 21, 2017].